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PostgreSQL

Common Commands

List OF DATABASES :
psql -l
\? Help
\d ~= DESC
 
\c <database> -- select database
 
\dt SHOW TABLES
\dT list datatypes
\df list functions
\di list indexes
\dv list views
 
 
  \da [PATTERN]  list aggregate functions
  \db [PATTERN]  list tablespaces (ADD "+" FOR more detail)
  \dc [PATTERN]  list conversions
  \dC            list casts
  \dd [PATTERN]  SHOW comment FOR object
  \dD [PATTERN]  list domains
  \df [PATTERN]  list functions (ADD "+" FOR more detail)
  \dg [PATTERN]  list groups
  \dn [PATTERN]  list schemas (ADD "+" FOR more detail)
  \do [NAME]     list operators
  \dl            list LARGE objects, same AS \lo_list
  \dp [PATTERN]  list TABLE, VIEW, AND SEQUENCE access privileges
  \dT [PATTERN]  list DATA types (ADD "+" FOR more detail)
  \du [PATTERN]  list users
  \l             list ALL DATABASES (ADD "+" FOR more detail)
  \z [PATTERN]   list TABLE, VIEW, AND SEQUENCE access privileges (same AS \dp)

Admin SQL

Create User
CREATE ROLE k2patel LOGIN PASSWORD 'test' VALID UNTIL 'infinity';
Create Table Space
CREATE TABLESPACE k2patel OWNER k2patel LOCATION '/var/lib/pgsql/k2patel';
Create Database
CREATE DATABASE k2patel WITH OWNER = k2patel ENCODING = 'UTF8' TABLESPACE = k2patel LC_COLLATE = 'en_US.UTF-8' LC_CTYPE = 'en_US.UTF-8' CONNECTION LIMIT = -1;
List Current Activity
SELECT * FROM pg_stat_activity;
Change Pasword
ALTER USER postgres WITH ENCRYPTED PASSWORD 'password';
Read Only User

This only allow user to access database but can not write to it.
<note important>Before you grant make sure you selected database else it could not work</note>

CREATE ROLE carol;
ALTER ROLE carol WITH NOSUPERUSER INHERIT NOCREATEROLE NOCREATEDB LOGIN ENCRYPTED PASSWORD 'password';
GRANT SELECT ON ALL TABLES IN SCHEMA public TO carol;

<note tip>If there is ERROR : pg_dump: The command was: LOCK SEQUENCE public.client_group IN ACCESS SHARE MODE See next Section </note>

\dp public.client_group; # CHECK permission
GRANT SELECT ON ALL SEQUENCES IN SCHEMA public TO backup;

<note tip>Even you can use above commands to create backup user for specific database.</note>

Getting Connection Information

SELECT inet_server_addr();

Following is the available procedures / variable.

Name				Description
current_catalog			name of current database (called "catalog" in the SQL standard)
current_database()		name of current database
current_schema[()]		name of current schema
current_schemas(boolean)	names of schemas in search path, optionally including implicit schemas
current_user			user name of current execution context
current_query()			text of the currently executing query, as submitted by the client (might contain more than one statement)
pg_backend_pid()		Process ID of the server process attached to the current session
pg_listening_channels()		channel names that the session is currently listening on
inet_client_addr()		address of the remote connection
inet_client_port()		port of the remote connection
inet_server_addr()		address of the local connection
inet_server_port()		port of the local connection
pg_my_temp_schema()		OID of session's temporary schema, or 0 if none
pg_is_other_temp_schema(oid)	boolean	is schema another session's temporary schema?
pg_postmaster_start_time()	server start time
pg_conf_load_time()		configuration load time
session_user			session user name
user				equivalent to current_user
version()			PostgreSQL version information
resources.txt · Last modified: 2012/02/23 13:01 by k2patel